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The aim is to create a parallel, more secure network based on quantum "entanglement," or the transmission of sub-atomic particles.
"One of the hallmarks of quantum transmissions is that they are exceedingly difficult to eavesdrop on as information passes between locations," according to the Energy Department statement."Scientists plan to use that trait to make virtually unhackable networks."
The department said early adopters could include the banking and health services sectors, adding that there would be applications for national security and aircraft communications.
The agency's 17 national laboratories will serve as the backbone of the coming quantum internet, which has initial government funding.
"The foundation of quantum networks rests on our ability to precisely synthesize and manipulate matter at the atomic scale, including the control of single photons," said David Awschalom, a professor at the University of Chicago and senior scientist at Argonne National Laboratory.
Extracts from https://www.sciencealert.com/us-begins- ... -computing